How to Create Simple Modal Dialogue using JQuery

Here is a simple jQuery based Cross-Browser modal dialogue.

Demo

Below you can find a simple script, which works with jQuery to show a decent cross browser modal dialogue, The dialogue can have any html that you want. The css here should be used to produce desired results.

JavaScript Source:

//SETTING UP OUR POPUP
//0 means disabled; 1 means enabled;
var popupStatus = 0;

//loading popup with jQuery magic!
function loadPopup(){
//loads popup only if it is disabled
if(popupStatus==0){
$("#backgroundPopup").css({
"opacity": "0.7"
});
$("#backgroundPopup").fadeIn("slow");
$("#popupContact").fadeIn("slow");
popupStatus = 1;
}
}

//disabling popup with jQuery magic!
function disablePopup(){
//disables popup only if it is enabled
if(popupStatus==1){
$("#backgroundPopup").fadeOut("slow");
$("#popupContact").fadeOut("slow");
popupStatus = 0;
}
}

//centering popup
function centerPopup(){
//request data for centering
var windowWidth = document.documentElement.clientWidth;
var windowHeight = document.documentElement.clientHeight;
var popupHeight = $("#popupContact").height();
var popupWidth = $("#popupContact").width();
//centering
$("#popupContact").css({
"position": "absolute",
"top": windowHeight/2-popupHeight/2,
"left": windowWidth/2-popupWidth/2
});
//only need force for IE6

$("#backgroundPopup").css({
"height": windowHeight
});

}

//CONTROLLING EVENTS IN jQuery
$(document).ready(function(){

//LOADING POPUP
//Click the button event!
$("#button").click(function(){
//centering with css
centerPopup();
//load popup
loadPopup();
});

//CLOSING POPUP
//Click the x event!
$("#popupContactClose").click(function(){
disablePopup();
});
//Click out event!
$("#backgroundPopup").click(function(){
disablePopup();
});
//Press Escape event!
$(document).keypress(function(e){
if(e.keyCode==27 && popupStatus==1){
disablePopup();
}
});

});

CSS:

a{
cursor: pointer;
text-decoration:none;
}
#backgroundPopup{
display:none;
position:fixed;
_position:absolute; /* hack for internet explorer 6*/
height:100%;
width:100%;
top:0;
left:0;
background:#000000;
border:1px solid #cecece;
z-index:1;
}
#popupContact{
display:none;
position:fixed;
_position:absolute; /* hack for internet explorer 6*/
height:384px;
width:408px;
background:#FFFFFF;
border:2px solid #cecece;
z-index:2;
padding:12px;
font-size:13px;
}
#popupContact h1{
text-align:left;
color:#6FA5FD;
font-size:22px;
font-weight:700;
border-bottom:1px dotted #D3D3D3;
padding-bottom:2px;
margin-bottom:20px;
}
#popupContactClose{
font-size:14px;
line-height:14px;
right:6px;
top:4px;
position:absolute;
color:#6fa5fd;
font-weight:700;
display:block;
}
#button{
text-align:center;
margin:100px;
}

The Demo for this popup can be seen here

CSS Clearfix Best Cross browser solution

Clearing the divs has always been a solution for web 2.0 sites but there are many ways to implement it. The reason of this post is not to go in the details but giving a simple cross-browser css solution. BTW I prefer this css solution rather than adding the ugly empty clear div all over your html and polluting the markup.

Bad Solution :

<div style="clear:both"></div>

Perfect Cross Browser Solution:

add the css below to your site wide CSS file. and then apply the class clearfix to any containers that need to be cleared, or the containers in which you are adding the clear-div. and yes remove the clear-div of-course.

.clearfix:after {
	content: ".";
	display: block;
	clear: both;
	visibility: hidden;
	line-height: 0;
	height: 0;
}

.clearfix {
	display: inline-block;
}

html[xmlns] .clearfix {
	display: block;
}

* html .clearfix {
	height: 1%;
	overflow: visible;
}